Factory Act 1948 was introduced with the prime objective of protecting workers employed in factories against industrial and occupational hazards. With the introduction of this Act , it imposes some conditions towards health and safety of works.
Applicability of Factory Act 1948 is when A premises whereon 10 or more persons are engaged if power is used, or 20 or more persons are engaged if power is not used, in a manufacturing process. [section 2(m)]. In Factory Act Worker means A person employed in any manufacturing process or cleaning or any work incidental to manufacturing process. A person employed, directly or by or through any agency with or without knowledge of the principal employer.